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Ohio Lift Laws and Vehicle Equipment Laws


There are very few street legal laws in Ohio making it one of the most off-road vehicle friendly states in the country. Residents are free to install suspension lift kits, aftermarket wheels and tires, performance shocks, aftermarket bumpers, and grille guards.






Governing Laws

Code

Street legal laws for Ohio are listed in the Ohio Revised Code (ORC) and the Ohio Administrative Code (OAC).

ORC Title 45
OAC Ch. 4501






Vehicle Dimensions

Dimensions

Vehicle size in Ohio is restricted to a maximum width of 102 inches, a maximum height of 13 feet 6 inches, and a maximum single vehicle length of 45 feet.

ORC 5577-05






Tire Restrictions

Tires

The only requirement for tires in Ohio is that they be in safe operating condition, without any bulges or exposed cords. There is no minimum tire tread depth and no reference to tire grooving in the code.






Wheel Restrictions

Wheels

Ohio does not cover wheels in its laws.






Braking Requirements

Brakes

Cars and trucks driven in Ohio are required to have brakes capable of stopping the vehicle from a speed of 20 mph within 30 feet. A secondary, mechanical, parking brake is required.

ORC 4513-20






Steering Laws

Steering

Steering is not covered under Ohio's laws.






Suspension Laws

Suspension

There are currently no suspension lift limits or suspension modification restrictions in Ohio.






Frame Requirements

Frame

Frame height in Ohio is governed by bumper height, since bumpers must be attached to the frame. If a vehicle's bumper height has been altered from the factory, or the vehicle did not come equipped with bumpers, bumper height limits will apply to the frame.

OAC 4501-43-04






Bumper Restrictions

Bumpers

In Ohio, bumpers must not be removed from vehicles that came equipped with bumpers from the factory. Bumpers must be at least 4.5 inches tall, be attached to the vehicle's frame, and be at least as wide as the track width of the vehicle. Bumper height depends on the GVWR of the vehicle.

Vehicle GVWR

Max. Bumper Height

Cars & SUVs

Front: 22 inches | Rear: 22 inches

4,500 and under

Front: 24 inches | Rear: 26 inches

4,501 to 7,500

Front: 27 inches | Rear: 29 inches

7,501 to 10,000

Front: 28 inches | Rear: 31 inches


( Measured to the bottom of the bumper. )



OAC 4501-43-03
OAC 4501-43-04






Fender Requirements

Fenders

It is unknown if fenders and mud flaps are required on vehicles driven in Ohio.






Lighting Requirements

Lights

In addition to headlights and tail lights, vehicles in Ohio are allowed to have auxiliary lights installed. When equipped with additional lights, the maximum number that can be turned on at the front of the vehicle while driving is 5.


Light

Number

Min. Height

Max. Height

Headlights

2 min.

n/a

n/a

Tail lights

1 min.

n/a

n/a

Spot lights

1 max.

n/a

n/a

Aux. driving lights

3 max.

n/a

n/a


ORC 4513-04
ORC 4513-05
ORC 4513-12
ORC 4513-17






Window Laws

Windows

A windshield and windshield wipers are both required in Ohio.

ORC 4513-24






Exhaust Requirements

Exhaust

In Ohio, vehicles are required to be equipped with mufflers. Exhaust cutouts are prohibited.

ORC 4513-22






Engine Swap Rules

Engine

It is unclear whether or not Ohio has any engine swap or engine performance modification rules.






Emissions Testing

Emissions

Only 7 counties in Ohio currently require emissions testing.







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